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Ceramics - Persia, Kashan - 12th-14th Centuries (Images)

The Metropolitan Musem

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13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; luster-painted on opaque white glaze. H. 7 in. (17.8 cm) W. 14 7/8 in. (37.8 cm). Accession no. 41.199.1.











13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; luster-painted on opaque white glaze. H. 7 in. (17.8 cm) W. 14 7/8 in. (37.8 cm). Accession no. 41.199.1.








13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste. H. 3 11/16 in. (9.4 cm) Diam. 8 5/8 in. (21.9 cm) Wt. 11.2 oz. (317.6 g). Accession no. 63.16.1.













13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; glazed and luster-painted. Dimension not listed. Accession no. 1974.234.









13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; overglaze luster-painted. H. 12 1/2 in. (31.8 cm). Accession no. 64.60.4.













Early 13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; luster-painted on opaque white glaze. H. 4 1/8 in. (10.5 cm) Diam. of rim: 8 3/4 in. (22.2 cm) Wt. 14.9 oz. (422.5 g). Accession no. 68.215.10.











13th Century. Kashan, Iran. This eight-pointed star tile was once part of a panel of star- and cross-shaped tiles adorning the walls of an Ilkhanid religious building. Stonepaste; inglaze painted in blue, luster-painted on opaque white glaze. Diam. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm) Wt. (panel group) 31 lbs. (14.1 kg). Accession no. 91.1.106


Early 14th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; inglaze painted in blue and turquoise, luster-painted on opaque white glaze, modeled. Three lines of religious text in thuluth script. Part of a Qur’anic verse from Sura 2 (The Cow). The calligraphic inscriptions painted in luster above and below are from other sections of the Qur’an. H. 7 9/16 in. (21.7 cm) W. 15 5/8 in. (39.7 cm) D. 1 1/16 in. (2.7 cm). Accession no. 15.76.4.


First quarter of 13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; molded, luster-painted on opaque white glaze. Fluted Dish. H. 1 7/8 in. (4.7 cm) Diam. 16 1/8 in. (41 cm). Accession no. 1983.247.









13th Century. Iran. Once part of a panel of star- and cross-shaped tiles adorning the walls of an Ilkhanid building. Probably produced in the ceramic center of Kashan in Central Iran.Stonepaste; inglaze painted in blue and turquoise and luster-painted on opaque white glaze. H. 8 in. (20.3 cm) W. 8 in. (20.3 cm) Wt. (whole group) 31 lbs. (14.1 kg). Accession no. 41.165.32.


Second half of 13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; luster-painted on opaque white glaze with touches of cobalt blue and turquoise color. H. 8 in. (20.3 cm) W. 8 in (20.3 cm). Accession no. 41.165.36.










13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; molded and applied decoration, underglaze painted under a transparent glaze. H. 11 1/4 in. (28.6 cm). Accession no. 19.68.2.















Mid 13th Century. Stonepaste; luster-painted on opaque monochrome glaze. Four calligraphic bands, one of interlaced and foliated kufic and three in naskh script, contain benedictory phrases in Arabic, quatrains extracted from the works of four different Persian poets, and a poem attributed to the famous mystical poet 'Abd al- Majd Majdud. Glory, prosperity, dominion, happiness, well-being, generosity, victory, dominion, well-being, victory, dominion, glory, prosperity, dominion, happiness, generosity, prosperity, blessing, support, generosity, happiness, well-being, and glory. Your beautiful countenance is forever [captured] in my eyes, O beloved, do what you prefer. O life of creation, my heart is joyful; I can swear that [it is] because I caught a glimpse of you. Glory, prosperity, dominion, well-being and long life . . . to its owner. “Won’t that virtuous beloved with a broken heart forgive you?” How did I know that the heretic would hold our knife against your body and neck? Whoever endures living with the sorrow of the beloved will find happiness and purpose. The moon is luminous because it did not escape the night; the flower is fragrant because it lives with the thorn. He whose soul is tired in this world, is the king of the virtuous. Do not waste my tears, for the farmer can rejuvenate the earth with them. Glory, prosperity, dominion, well-being, long life, glory, prosperity, dominion, well-being; glory, prosperity, dominion and well-being. The full moon looked at you and smiled And you fearing hostility in me, glanced at me secretly from a distance. The sky has hidden itself and the full moon under dark clouds. Be like the half-moon and keep unhappy dispositions away. When will I be able to hang upon you like gold and silver? You stroke my face with your tired nails while I shower your lips with kisses. H. 4 3/8 in. (11.1 cm) Diam. 19 5/8 in. (49.8 cm). Accession no. 32.52.2.


Early 14th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; modeled, overglaze painted, and gilded (lajvardina). Lajavardina is a glaze technique After a first firing to establish the dark blue or turquoise underglaze background, these tiles were subjected to a second firing to set the carefully cut and placed pieces of gold leaf, creating glittering floral and geometric patterns. In this example, the inscription once was covered entirely in gold. Inscribed: '[Blessings] upon the Prophet' - possibly from Qur'an 33:56.



13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; overglaze luster-painted on an opaque white glaze. Ht. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm) Lip diameter: 8 1/16 in. (20.5 cm). Accession no. 27.13.9.











Early 14th Century. Kashan, Iran. One of three corner tiles, inscribed with verses of the Qur'an. Stonepaste; modeled, inglaze painted in blue and luster-painted on opaque white glaze. H. 17 1/2 in. (44.5 cm) W. 9 in. (22.9 cm) D: 5 1/4 in. (13.3 cm) Wt. 12 lbs. (5.4 kg). Accession no. 40.181.7.





















Late 12th to Early 13th Centuries. Kashan, Iran. Bahram Gur, challenged by his concubine Azada in a series of dares to show his mastery in archery, here pins together with a single arrow the ear and hoof of a gazelle, while Azada plays the harp. Stonepaste; glazed (opaque monochrome), in-glaze- and overglaze-painted, gilded. Inscription in Kufic script Good wishes to the owner. H. 3 7/16 in. (8.7 cm) Diam. 8 11/16 in. (22.1 cm) Wt. 15.3 oz. (433.8 g). Accession no. 57.36.2.








First half of the 14th Century. Kashan, Iran. 'Sultanabad' wares which were produced during the Ilkhanid period. This type is characterized by a distinctive glaze, incorporating fine underdrawing in black or grey-green, often combined with cobalt and turquoise accents. H. 2 3/4 in. (7 cm) Diam. 6 5/8 in. (16.8 cm). Accession no. 1970.27.







13th Century. Stonepaste; polychrome painted under transparent glaze. H. 3 7/8 in. (9.8 cm) Diam. of rim: 8 13/16 in. (22.4 cm) H. of base: 13/16 (2.1 cm) Diam. of base: 3 7/16 in. (8.7 cm). Accession no. 64.256.






13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; luster-painted and glazed. Dimensions not listed. Accession no. 62.226.












ca. 1300. Kashan, Iran. Illustrating a scene from the Persian national epic, the Shahnama, this tile depicts the hero Bahram Gur hunting with his favorite harp-playing companion, Azada - both atop a striding camel. Similar tiles bearing figures drawn from popular Persian literature are known to have decorated the Ilkhanid summer palace known as Takht-e Sulaiman, likely built in the late 13th century for the ruler Abaqa (1265-1282). Stonepaste; inglaze painted in blue, luster-painted on opaque white glaze, modeled. H. 12 3/8 in. (31.4 cm) W. 13 1/4 in. (33.7 cm). Accession no. 10.56.2.


13th Century. Kashan, Iran. This eight-pointed star tile was once part of a panel of star- and cross-shaped tiles adorning the walls of an Ilkhanid religious building. Stonepaste; inglaze painted in blue, luster-painted on opaque white glaze. Diam. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm) Wt. (panel group) 31 lbs. (14.1 kg). Accession no. 91.1.106







13th Century. Iran. Probably Kashan. Stonepaste; luster-painted with touches of cobalt on opaque white glaze under transparent glaze. H. 8 in. (20.3 cm) W. 8 in. (20.3 cm) Wt. (whole group) 51 lbs. (23.1 kg). Accession no. 41.165.26.










Early 14th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; inglaze painted in blue and turquoise, luster-painted on opaque white glaze, modeled. Executed in thuluth script, the raised writing of the central band includes the phrase "And pardon us; and forgive" and is part of a Qur’anic verse from Sura 2 (The Cow), Verse 286, which describes God’s mercy and protection. H. 7 5/8 in. (19.4 cm) W. 15 3/4 in. (40 cm) D. 1 1/4 in. (3.2 cm). Accession no. 15.76.6.


13th Century. Kashan, Iran.Stonepaste; luster-painted on opaque white glaze under transparent glaze. H. 8 in. (20.3 cm) W. 8 in. (20.3 cm) Wt. (whole group) 51 lbs (23 kg). Accession no. 41.165.34.











13th Century. Iran. Once part of a panel of star- and cross-shaped tiles adorning the walls of an Ilkhanid building. Probably produced in the ceramic center of Kashan in Central Iran.Stonepaste; inglaze painted in blue and turquoise and luster-painted on opaque white glaze. H. 8 in. (20.3 cm) W. 8 in. (20.3 cm) Wt. (whole group) 31 lbs. (14.1 kg). Accession no. 41.165.32.






13th Century. Iran. Once part of a panel of star- and cross-shaped tiles adorning the walls of an Ilkhanid building. Probably produced in the ceramic center of Kashan in Central Iran.Stonepaste; inglaze painted in blue and turquoise and luster-painted on opaque white glaze. H. 8 in. (20.3 cm) W. 8 in. (20.3 cm) Wt. (whole group) 31 lbs. (14.1 kg). Accession no. 41.165.32.







13th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; luster-painted on opaque white glaze with touches of cobalt. H. 8 in. (20.3 cm) W. 8 in. (20.3 cm). Accession no. 41.165.29.











Early 14th Century. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; inglaze painted in blue and turquoise, luster-painted on opaque white glaze, modeled. Three lines of religious text in thuluth script. Part of a Qur’anic verse from Sura 2 (The Cow). The calligraphic inscriptions painted in luster above and below are from other sections of the Qur’an. H. 7 9/16 in. (21.7 cm) W. 15 5/8 in. (39.7 cm) D. 1 1/16 in. (2.7 cm). Accession no. 15.76.4.



1267. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; luster-painted on opaque white glaze under transparent glaze. H. 8 in. (20.3 cm) W. 8 in. (20.3 cm) Wt. (the whole group). 51 lb. (23.1 kg). Accession no. 41.165.17.














1265. Kashan, Iran. Stonepaste; overglaze luster-painted. Inscription in Arabic around border; the inscription includes the entire first sura of the Qur'an. W. 8 1/8 in. (20.6 cm). Accession no. 91.1.105.








The British Museum

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175-1225. Iran, Isfahan, Kashan. Seljuk dynasty. Bowl. Enthroned royal figure seated between two other figures, possibly attendents or visitors. Four sphinxes, two above and two below the seated figures. Stylized floral ornamentation between the sphinxes. Pseudo-Arabic inscription is painted along the rim against a blue background.


Fritware (stonepaste); painted in white, blue and green glaze with overglaze in red and black. Diameter: 8 centimetres (FOOT) Diameter: 21 centimetres (RIM). Accession No. 1930,0719.63




175-1225. Iran, Isfahan, Kashan. Seljuk dynasty. Bowl. Five figures (three on horses) and two sphinxes.


Fritware (stonepaste); painted in blue glaze on opaque white background.

Diameter: 21 centimetres. Height: 9 centimetres. Accession No. 1930,0719.64






1187. Iran, Isfahan, Kashan. Attributed to Abu Zayd. Fritware with a white glaze, then in-glaze in turquoise and blue. Overglaze in red and black. Enthroned royal figure, four attendants, visitors in a garden with trees, birds, and a pond. Persian inscription below the figures with a second inscription painted on the exterior rim. Stylised ornamentation on outer body. High foot-ring, Diameter: 8.80 centimetres (base) Diameter: 21 centimetres (rim) Height: 0.90 centimetres (base) Height: 9.50 centimetres. Accession NO 1945,1017.261. https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/W_1945-1017-261



1175-1200. Iran, Isfahan, Kashan. Seljuk Dynasty. Fritware; exterior painted in lustre and interior painted in lustre under a transparent blue glaze. Four circles around the body containing seated figures. Calligraphic-esque decoration around top. Floral ornamentation on entire jar, separated by five gold bands around circumferences from top to bottom. Diameter: 16 centimetres. Height: 23 centimetres. Accession No. 1930,0719.68.












1175-1225. Iran, either Savah or Kashan. Made of turquoise glazed pottery; overfired, hence slumped waster. Height: 6.30 inches. Accession No. 1934,0116.2.








1175-12025. Iran, Isfahan, Kashan. Seljuk Dynasty. Flower motif and 3 figures with inscription around the edge. Fritware, painted with blue underglaze and lustre. Accession No. 1923,0517.9








13th century. Iran, Rayy or Kashan. Ilkhanid Dynasty. Waster. Part of a bowl with pierced design. Diameter: 4.10 centimetres. Height: 16 centimetres (max).

Accession No. 1934,0116.1





1201-1225. Iran, Isfahan, Kashan. Jug. Fritware (stonepaste); painted in blue and black glaze on an opaque white background. Height: 17.50 centimetres. Width: 13 centimetres. . Accession No. 1925,1130.1.








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